L'viv region, created on December 4 1939, is situated in the most Western
part of Ukraine. It borders with Republic of Poland, as well as Ternopil,
Ivano-Frankivs'k, Volyn', Rivne and Zakarpattya regions. There are 20
districts, 43 cities, 34 settlements of city estate and 1850 villages in
The square of the region is 21.8 square kilometers. L'viv region lies on the
so-called line between the Baltic and the Black Seas, thus creating an axis
between the Eastern and Western Europe. That is why such a splendid
combination of different cultures have found its reflection in this region.
Owing to a specific geographic situation, the climate of L'viv region is
mild, with no hot summers and severe winter. In autumn, it rains frequently,
which makes the region attractive for the development of agriculture.
Approximately 80% of the territory of Ukraine is flat. The modern Southern
border of the Carpathians coincides with the Verkovyna Mountain Range. The
highest peak of the region, Mountain Pikui, is situated there and has the
height of 1405 meters above the sea level.
The population of the region is approximately 2.75 million people. More than
61% of people live in cities. In gender structure women dominate in the
region (more than 52%). The density of population is 120 persons per square
kilometer. The biggest cities are L'viv (approximately 800 thousand
inhabitants), Drohobych (above 80 thousand people), Chervonohrad (75
thousand people), Stryi (approximately 70 thousand), Sambir (41 thousand),
and Boryslav (41 thousand).
It is characteristic for the region to have a high level of the religion
consciousness. The dominant religion is Ukrainian Greek Catholic to which
belong near 56% of all religious organizations.
L'viv region is nationally homogeneous. Ukrainians represent 90% of the
population. Russians are the second largest group in the region concluding
only about 200 thousand people. Also there many other nationalities, which
are not so numerous (Polish, German etc.)
The region has one of the best transportation systems in Ukraine. The most
important routes are: L'viv-Kyiv-Prague, and Warsaw-Bucharest. L'viv and
Stryi are the largest railway junctions. The highways are an integral part
of the transportation system of the region as well, with L'viv-Rivne -Kyiv
highway and some others (L'viv-Ternopil'-Vinnytsia-Kyiv,
L'viv-Ivano-Frankivs'k-Chernivtsi, and L'viv-Uzhorod) being the most
L'viv region plays a key role in the social and economic life of the whole
western region of Ukraine. The main economic and industrial centers of the
region are L'viv, Boryslav, Chervonohrad, Drohobych, and Stryi. The main
branches of the industry include machinery, food and chemical industry, wood
manufacturing, and production of building materials. Specialized industries
of agriculture are grain-crops, potato, vegetables and flax. Livestock, pig,
and poultry breading are well developed as well.
The region is known for a variety of excellent recreation zones. South of
the region and the area of Carpathians are known for its excellent resorts
of Truskavets', Morshyn, and Skhidnytsya. L'viv and other cities with rich
architectural heritage and monuments (e.g. Zhovkva, Drohobych, Horodok,
Sambir and Zolochiv) are the most visited places in the region.
The administrative center of the region is L'viv - one of the most ancient,
beautiful cities in Ukraine, and also is a huge economic, political, social
and transportation center.
Prince Danylo Halyts'kyi founded the city in 1256 and named it after his son
Leo. Its geographical location on the crossroads of trade routes contributed
to the rapid development of the city. In 1356 L'viv received the right to
self govern (The Right of Megdebourgue). In later periods of its development
the city has become the cultural and spiritual center of Ukrainian people,
and played an important role in the development of the country.
At different times the city was under the foreign rule, hence, there are
still many surviving records and architectural sights of different cultures:
Jewish, Polish, German, Armenian etc. In 1918 L'viv was the capital of
West-Ukrainian People's Republic.
The population of L'viv is approximately 800 thousand inhabitants, with
Ukrainians representing the majority. Ukrainians concluded approximately 79%
of the inhabitants, Russians - 16%, 1.6% - Jews, and 1.2% - Polish. There is
a number of cultural minority centers, and many newspapers are published in
different languages representing the diversity of the population in the
L'viv is one of the biggest educational centers of Ukraine. There are many
outstanding educational establishments there that are also known far beyond
Ukraine. L'viv Ivan Franko National University is the oldest University in
Ukraine. Other well-known institutions are National University "L'viv
Polytechnic", Ukrainian State Wood Processing University, Medical
University, State Academy of Veterinarian Medicine and others.
The City of L'viv has a lot to offer to its visitors. In Ukraine, L'viv has
the biggest number of historical and architectural places. UNESCO has
acknowledged the city as the pearl of Europe. The Solomiya Krushelnuts'ka
Opera and Ballet Theatre, St. George Cathedral, Dominican Church and many
others attract the visitors from abroad.
The city of L'viv is also famous for its parks, with Stryis'kyi Park being
the gem in the collection.
The religion life in the city has its long history. There are more than 75
churches there, and two educational religious establishments.
L'viv has many achievements in the sphere of international relations. The
city (and the region) actively cooperates with neighboring countries. On
14th-15th of May 1999 a Summit of the Presidents of Central European States
was held in the city. In June 2001 Pope John Paul II was on a 3-day visit to
To facilitate the process of integration of L'viv into the European
community, three highways connecting the city with Europe via Warsaw have
Nowadays L'viv enjoys its beauty, its past and present that co-exist in the
For futher information about L'viv and this region in Ukraine go
to the L'viv Regional State Administration, L'viv, Ukraine website: