Sofia Nalepinska-Boichuk, Ukrainian Avant-Garde artist, wood engraving, 1927, State Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts, Kyiv, Ukraine
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This artwork was found in the book "Ukrainian Avant-Garde Art, 1910-1930" published in Kyiv, Ukraine, in 1996. The illustration is number 367 in the book. The wood engraving created in 1927 is held in the collection of the State Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The exact wood engraving is also shown in the book "The Phenomenon of the Ukrainian Avant-garde, 1910-1935". The work is number 39 and is listed as a woodcut on paper, 33x25, created in 1927.

In the Canadian book the wood engravig is entitled "Hunger", not "Famine", as in the Avant-Garde book from Ukraine. The artist name is spelled Sofia Nalepinska-Boichuk. Nalepinska instead of Nalepynska, as her name is spelled in the book published in Ukraine.

We beleive there is a second wood engraving by Sofia Nalepinska-Boichuk (see the image below). The two famine woodcuts by Sofia Nalepinska-Boichuk, we beleive, were used as the images in some materials published in Europe in 1935 and then reprinted on two black-and-white postcards printed in Canada in 1953 for the 20th anniversary of the genocidal Soviet famine in Ukraine, 1932-1933.

Black-and-white printed postcard, European Union of Ukrainian Organizations in Exile, 1935, reprinted by K.O. CYM, Winnipeg, 1953. Private collection of
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There is one more work by Sofia Nalepinska-Boichuk shown in the "Ukrainian Avant-Garde Art 1910-1930" book. The work is "Pacification of Western Ukraine", 1931, wood engraving, held at the State Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Wood engraving, 1931, State Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts, Kyiv, Ukraine
(click the image to enlarge it)

The book was compiled and introduced by Professor Dmytro Horbachov, a leading Ukrainian art critic who has devoted many years of research to Ukrainian Avant-garde art. The book contains 400 reproductions of the best works of Ukrainian Avant-garde artists which can be found now in museums and private collections of many countries.

There were two other works by Sofia Nalepinska-Boichuk at the Ukrainian avant-garde 1910-1930 exhibition in Canada in 2002. One is entitled "Women of the Worker's Faculty", 1931, and the other "The Worker's Faculty in the Collective Farm", 1932. They are shown in the book published in Canada in 2002 as images 40 and 41. These works are held in the collection of the National Art Museum in Kyiv, Ukraine.

woodcut on paper, 1931, 26x19, National Art Museum of Ukraine, Kyiv
woodcut on paper, 1932, 32x26, National Art Museum of Ukraine, Kyiv

The Ukrainian Avant-garde 1910-1935 exhibition and publication in Canada was made possible by support from AIM Funds Management Inc., the Winnipeg Art Gallery Foundation Inc., Museum Assistance Program, Department of Canadian Heritage, Ukrainian Canadian Taras Shevchenko Foundation, Dr. Taras Y. and Mrs. Emilia Snihurowycz.
EDITOR'S NOTE: The following information about Sofia Nalepinska-Boichuk is taken from the Encyclopedia of Ukraine edited by Danylo Husar Struck, University of Toronto Press, Ontario, Canada, 1993.

"Nalepinska (Nalepins'ka) Sofia (Zofia), b. July 30 1884 in Lodz, Poland, d. December 11 1937. Graphic artist and xylographer of Polish origin, wife of Mykhailo Boichuk (from 1917) and sister of the Polish poet N. Nalepinski. She studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, in Munich (1906-1907), and in Paris (1909-1911) where she first met Boichuk.
She taught at the Myrhorod Art and Ceramic Technical School (1921-1922) and then headed to the xylographic workshop at the Kyiv Institute of Plastic Arts (1922-1924). She also taught at the Kyiv State Art Institute (1924-1935). Sofia Nalepinska belonged to the Association of Revolutionary Art of Ukraine (1925-1931).
Nalepinska created many xylographs which were used as book illustrations, covers and posters. Her approach was influenced by Ukrainian folk art and formalist theory. In turn, she influenced I. Padalka and O. Sakhnovska.
In 1928-1932 her works were exhibited in over 35 group shows of Soviet art. She and Boichuk were arrested by the Soviet secret police in November 1936 and later executed. In 1958 she was posthumously rehabilitated".

The Encyclopedia of Ukraine was under the auspices of the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies (University of Alberta), the Shevchenko Scientific Society (Sarcelles, France). and the Canadian Foundation of Ukrainian Studies.

November 13, 2015

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